Boettcher, Kira D. (Southern Illinois University Carbondale)
Honours Thesis, Paper 137, Southern Illinois University Carbondale , April 25 (2001)
The course of Irish history has not run smoothly for a number of centuries. Since the time of Viking incursions in the 9th century, Ireland has been invaded numerous times. Of these invaders, the English have had the most effect over the longest period of time. Numerous groups from England invaded Ireland, and the kingdom of Ireland itself was considered by many to be an essential strategic location. English control over Ireland became a necessary part of politics, and for that matter, the survival of England. The total domination of Ireland, which can be seen throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, did not however occur in a short period of time.
In the time of Queen Elizabeth I, English rule had not yet been solidified. While the invasion of Ireland under Elizabeth, and in particular, advances made in the latter half of the sixteenth century, were not as brutal as that of Oliver Cromwell, it was still a time of great change for the Irish. By examining the way that the English related to the Irish, the time period of 1594 to 1603, and the consequences of the English victory over the Irish, it is possible to gain a better understanding of the historical importance of the Elizabethan Re-Conquest.