Doctoral Thesis, Department of History, The University of Hull, March (1997)
Sir Francis Vere’s intervention in the Netherlands during Elizabeth’s reign is a subject that has been overshadowed in historical works by the ascendancy of his predecessor,the Earl of Leicester, which is commonly regarded as being one of the most turbulent, transitional, and above all significant periods in Anglo-Dutch relations. It was a time when the newly formed alliance was severely tested and caused a great deal of dissatisfaction for both sides. The Earl’s meddlesome activities served to exacerbate the situation, and by the time of his departure in 1587, relations between the allies were approaching a nadir. However, it is widely believed that the alliance subsequently began to settle down into a pattern of more routine and peaceful exchanges and that by the end of Lord Willoughby’s ascendancy in 1589, it was more acceptable to both sides than at any time in the past.