Phillips, Murray G. (University of Queensland)
Sporting Traditions, Vol. 6 No. 2 (1990)
Wherever the British travelled they carried with them much of their so-called ‘cultural baggage’ which, when unpacked, included their customs, churches, clubs, schools and, of course, their sports. Along with the sports themselves, as John Mallea has pointed out, was the Victorian ideology of sporting participation.2 This ideology has provided a very fruitful line of inquiry for historians interested in the diffusion of sport throughout the British Empire. In Australia, it has been identified in its early guise as muscular Christianity, the obsession with the character-developing qualities of sport which emphasised its Christian aspect and manly virtues.